# corresponding+cipher

71

**Glossary of cue sports terms**— The following is a glossary of traditional English language terms used in the three overarching cue sports disciplines: carom (or carambole) billiards referring to the various carom games played on a billiard table without pockets; pool (pocket… …72

**Integral cryptanalysis**— In cryptography, integral cryptanalysis is a cryptanalytic attack that is particularly applicable to block ciphers based on substitution permutation networks. It was originally designed by Lars Knudsen as a dedicated attack against Square, so is… …73

**India**— /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …74

**numerals and numeral systems**— ▪ mathematics Introduction a collection of symbols used to represent small numbers, together with a system of rules for representing larger numbers. Just as the first attempts at writing came long after the development of speech, so… …75

**Brute-force attack**— The EFF s US$250,000 DES cracking machine contained over 1,800 custom chips and could brute force a DES key in a matter of days. The photograph shows a DES Cracker circuit board fitted with 32 Deep Crack chips and some control chips. In… …76

**Edinburgh**— EDINBURGH, a city, the seat of a university, and the metropolis of the kingdom of Scotland, situated in longitude 3° 10 30 (W.), and latitude 55° 57 29 (N.), about a mile (S. by W.) from Leith, 40 miles (S.S.W.) from Dundee, 42 (E. by N.) from …77

**Group theory**— is a mathematical discipline, the part of abstract algebra that studies the algebraic structures known as groups. The development of group theory sprang from three main sources: number theory, theory of algebraic equations, and geometry. The… …78

**Addition**— is the mathematical process of putting things together. The plus sign + means that two numbers are added together. For example, in the picture on the right, there are 3 + 2 apples meaning three apples and two other apples which is the same as… …79

**Charles Wheatstone**— Wheatstone, drawn by Samuel Laurence in 1868 Born 6 …80

**Binary numeral system**— Numeral systems by culture Hindu Arabic numerals Western Arabic (Hindu numerals) Eastern Arabic Indian family Tamil Burmese Khmer Lao Mongolian Thai East Asian numerals Chinese Japanese Suzhou Korean Vietnamese …